Verb agreement is an important aspect of grammar that dictates the agreement between the subject and the verb in a sentence. In class 10th, students are expected to have a good understanding of verb agreement, as it plays a vital role in effective communication and writing.

Verb agreement is a fundamental rule of English grammar that ensures consistency and accuracy in the language. It concerns the matching of the subject of a sentence with the appropriate form of the verb. This means that the verb must agree with the number of the subject in terms of singular or plural form.

In simple terms, if the subject is singular, the verb that follows must be singular. For example, “The dog barks at night.” Here, the subject is “the dog,” which is singular, and the verb “barks” is also singular.

On the other hand, if the subject is plural, the verb that follows must also be plural. For instance, “The dogs bark at night.” In this sentence, “dogs” is plural, and the verb “bark” is plural.

It is essential to note that subject-verb agreement is not only based on the number of the subject but also on its person. There are three persons in English language- first person, second person, and third person.

In the first person, the subject refers to the person speaking or writing. In the second person, the subject refers to the person being addressed. In the third person, the subject refers to any person, animal, or object that is not the speaker or the addressee.

When the subject is in the third person, it is important to differentiate between singular and plural forms. For example, “He loves ice cream” is singular while “They love ice cream” is plural.

Furthermore, when the subject is a collective noun, verb agreement is dependent on whether the group is acting as a single entity or individuals within the group. For instance, “The crowd is cheering” is singular because the crowd acts as a single entity, while “the jury agrees” is plural since the jury is made up of individuals.

In conclusion, understanding verb agreement in class 10th is crucial for effective communication and writing. By ensuring proper subject-verb agreement, students can convey their ideas more accurately and coherently. Therefore, it is essential to practice and master verb agreement rules to become a skilled writer.